Project On Tsunami: 13 Pages You Must Include In Your Disaster Management Project

Written By Avinash Sharan

14th May 2021

 Project On Tsunami Class IX: Complete Guidance

Have you got a Disaster Management Project On Tsunami this year? Are you ready for the challenge. Do you know which 13 Pages (topics) you must include in your class IX school project on Tsunami? Don’t worry. Just invest one day and 15 pages to complete your school project. You will get complete guidance here as per the CBSE norms. With every topic, do not forget to add or draw attractive images. If you wish to do a project on man made disaster, click on the link11 Points To Include In Your Industrial Disaster Management Project

Also read other popular article on 12 Places To Visit Near Me – In Chhattisgarh

Sequence of all 13 Pages of Project on Tsunami           

Page 1 Cover Page

2 – Content or Index

3 – Acknowledgement

4 -Introduction to tsunam

Page – 5 and 6 Causes of Tsunami

7 – Early warning signs of a Tsunami

8 Preparedness before Tsunami

9 Preparedness during Tsunami

10 Precautions to be taken after Tsunami

Page 11 After Effects of Tsunami

12 Tsunami in India – a brief history

13 – Certificate & Conclusion.

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Materials required:

File paper (one side ruled)

Sketch pen for writing the topic

Blue/black pen for writing the project.

Crayons/Pencil color for drawings.

News Paper clippings for relevant sources.

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First Page – Cover page Of Project On Tsunami

The cover page of your project creates the first impression.

Therefore, do a lot of research work, surf the internet, get ideas, and then design a unique cover page.

See that your cover page reflects the topic.

At the top of the page write the name of your project in bold letters.

Do not forget to mention your Name, Class, and Sec, Roll No.

Use waste materials like broken bangles, ice-cream sticks, used match

sticks, wool, etc. to design the cover page.

Make an attractive border.

Avoid using plastic covers.

Second Page – Content or Index (Project on Tsunami)

Content or the index page is to mention the topics along with the page numbers.

Use a sketch pen for drawing the lines.

You may also use a contrast color for writing the Topic.

if you are using red color for drawing lines, use Blue/Green color for writing the topic and Page No.

Write the topics in the content with Blue/Black ink which you are using to write the project.

Third Page – Acknowledgement (School Project on Tsunami)

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Every project must include an acknowledgment.

On this page, you have to mention the name of your school, your Principal, and your subject teacher.

Keep it short and write in good handwriting.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT (Example)

I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to my Principal ___________________ and my Geography teacher _____________for giving me this golden opportunity to complete the Disaster Management Project on the topic TSUNAMI, which helped me a lot in enhancing my wisdom while doing the research and during the course of completion of this project.

This project would not have been completed without their enormous help, Guidance, and support.

I would also like to thank my parents, relatives and friends for providing me with all the facility that was required.

Whenever I was in need, they were always there behind me.

Although the project has been prepared with utmost care and deep routed interest, even then I accept respondents and imperfections.

Date:                                                      Name: XYZ

13/05/2021                                           Class & Sec  IX – A

Fourth Page – Introduction to Tsunami

The word “tsunami” comprises of two Japanese words  (”tsu” meaning harbor and “nami” meaning wave)

It is a series of long waves commonly generated by under-the-sea earthquakes.

sudden and large displacement of the ocean water whose heights could be greater than 5 meters triggers Tsunami.

Large earthquakes below or near the ocean floor are the most common cause.

Apart from Landslides, volcanoes, and near-earth objects like asteroids, comets can also cause a Tsunami.

But as the waves travel inland, they build up to higher and higher heights.

The speed of tsunami waves depends on ocean depth, not on the source of the wave.

Tsunami waves often look like walls of water and can attack the shoreline.

It can be dangerous for long as the waves keep on coming every 5 minutes.

In the case of a Tsunami, the first wave may not be the largest.

as it progresses, the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, or even later waves that are the biggest.

Fifth & Sixth Page – Causes of Tsunami

Earthquakes

As you know, It can be generated by movements along fault zones associated with plate boundaries.

All underwater earthquakes are neither harmful nor cause tsunamis.

There are four major conditions necessary for an earthquake to cause a tsunami. They are

i) An earthquake under the ocean.

ii) The intensity must be 6.5 or more on the Richter Scale.

iii) must occur at shallow depth up to 70 km.

iv) and most important, vertical movement of the seafloor.

Landslides

  • A landslide along the coast can force large amounts of water into the sea.
  • It can disturb the water and generate a tsunami.
  • Even underwater landslides or an earthquake can also result in tsunamis.
  • material that becomes loose due to landslide moves at a greater speed violently, pushing and raising the water in front of it.

Volcanic Eruption

Violent volcanic eruptions represent also sudden and forceful disturbances.

In the ocean can therefore displace a great volume of water.

Due to this, can generate extremely destructive tsunami waves.

The volcano of Krakatoa, in Indonesia, was one of the largest and most destructive tsunamis ever recorded in 1883.

This explosion generated waves that reached 135 feet high.

It destroyed coastal towns and villages and killed more than 30,000 people.

Extraterrestrial Collision

By Extraterrestrial collisions we mean asteroids and meteors falling from space due to earth’s gravity.

But, these are an extremely rare occurrence.

Although to this date, there is no such record of such a tsunami.

If the size of an asteroid or meteor is , 5-6 km in diameter, it can displace a large volume of water to cause a tsunami.

Seventh Page – Early warning signs of a Tsunami (Project on Tsunami)

  • A large earthquake for more than 20 seconds.
  •  the recession (MOVING OF SEA WATER BACK).
  • Seismologists are placed to monitor such events.
  • As soon as possible, a tsunami warning is issued to media and municipalities in regions where a tsunami is likely to hit.
  • Sudden change in the behavior of sea waves.
  • When you get a warning of a tsunami, if there is time, move to higher ground immediately.

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Eighth Page – Preparedness before Tsunami

  • Check your house and place for any potential dangers related to flooding.
  • Identify which places or locations are vulnerable
  • Turn off the gas and electricity in your house for safety
  • Keep and store all your documents at a higher and safe place.
  • Ensure an emergency kit and evacuation plan.
  • The kit must be portable (easy to carry)
  • Keep the contact numbers of local emergency, ambulance, Police and fire department.

Ninth Page – Preparedness during Tsunami

  • Do not go near the shore to watch a tsunami, it could be dangerous.
  • If you cannot move to higher ground, stay inside your house in a group.
  • wait and try to take the advantage of the gap between two tsunami waves.
  • Listen for warnings carefully.
  • After a tsunami, you may encounter a flood.
  • Be alert. Do not panic and listen carefully to rescue officials.

Tenth Page – Precautions to be taken after Tsunami

These are general instructions that apply to many emergencies but not

every situation is the same.

i) Try to stay calm and do not panic.

ii) Check yourself and your near and dear ones for injuries. If possible give first aid.

iii) Avoid turning on electrical switches.

or flammable liquids spilled.

iv) Use mobile flashlights or a battery-operated torch.

v) check the building for structural damage.

If you find it unsafe, leave immediately.

vi) Get help if necessary.

vii) Listen to the local authorities.

viii) avoid using telephones. Leave the lines free for official use.

ix) Keep sufficient water and ready-made food.

x) Moreover, If you are in a high building, do not use the lift.

Eleventh Page – After Effects of Tsunami

Tsunamis continue to affect people even after the water has receded because

i) It can destroy the sewage system, and building structures.

ii) long-term health problems due to Decaying dead bodies of human and animals.

iii) financial losses and fear can further lead to psychological problems.

iv) Spread of infection, disease, and casualties.

v) will take time to reconstruct and the situation to get normalized.

vii) The worst will be heavy rush in hospitals, lack of doctors and other medical facilities.

Moreover, Transportation and communication will also come to a halt.

Twelfth Page Tsunami in India – a brief history

Day and Date of Tsunami: 26th December 2004

Time of Tsunami              : 7:59 a.m.

Reason of Tsunami          : underwater earthquake

Intensity of earthquake   : 8.9 on the Richter scale.

Location of Tsunami        : Indian Ocean near Indonesia.

Worst affected countries:  Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, and Thailand

Total Number of Deaths : 225,000 people

Worst affected areas in India: Coastal regions of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala.

Steps taken by Government after 2004 tsunami:

i) Firstly, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has improved the ability to detect and forecast tsunamis.

ii) Secondly, expanding a network of tsunami-detecting ocean sensors.

iii) Thirdly, Improvement in forecasting and warning systems

iv) Finally, Creating awareness and educating people about tsunamis.

v) Moreover, trained rescue escorts and formation of NDMA was a good step.

Thirteenth Page – Certificate (Project on Tsunami)

CERTIFICATE

A B C Public School

New Delhi

This is to certify that (mention your name) of Class IX -A has completed the Social Science Project of Disaster Management entitled

“TSUNAMI” himself and under my guidance.

The progress of the project has been continuously reported and has been in my knowledge consistently.

 

 Teacher’s Signature.

 Conclusion: (Project on Tsunami)

Tsunami is a natural disaster.

It can be mitigated by healthy well maintained coral reefs, mangroves or boundary walls.

People living in the coastal areas must be educated and trained to face tsunamis.

However, efforts have been taken to reduce the loss of life by tsunami with investment in early warning systems.

For Disaster Management Project or a project on New Strain Of Coronavirus, click here.

For project on  Industrial Disaster Management , click here.

THE END

If you are interested to know more about /2004-indian-ocean-tsunami,  click on the link given.

For project on Sustainable Development Project – Complete Guidance Click on the given link.

Also read other popular article on 12 Places To Visit Near Me – In Chhattisgarh

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