Project On Tsunami Class IX: Complete Guidance
Have you got a Disaster Management Project On Tsunami this year? Are you ready for the challenge. Do you know which 13 Pages (topics) you must include in your class IX school project on Tsunami? Don’t worry. Just invest one day and 15 pages to complete your school project. You will get complete guidance here as per the CBSE norms. With every topic, do not forget to add or draw attractive images.
Sequence of all 13 Pages of Project on Tsunami
Page 1 Cover Page
2 – Content or Index
3 – Acknowledgement
4 -Introduction to tsunam
Page – 5 and 6 Causes of Tsunami
7 – Early warning signs of a Tsunami
8 Preparedness before Tsunami
9 Preparedness during Tsunami
10 Precautions to be taken after Tsunami
Page 11 After Effects of Tsunami
12 Tsunami in India – a brief history
13 – Certificate & Conclusion.
File paper (one side ruled)
Sketch pen for writing the topic
Blue/black pen for writing the project.
Crayons/Pencil color for drawings.
News Paper clippings for relevant sources.
First Page – Cover page Of Project On Tsunami
Cover page of your project creates the first impression.
Therefore, do a lot of research work, surf internet, get ideas and then design a unique cover page.
See that your cover page reflects the topic.
At the top of the page write the name of your project in bold letters.
Do not forget to mention your Name, Class and Sec, Roll No.
Use waste materials like broken bangles, ice-cream sticks, used match
sticks, wool etc. to design the cover page.
Make an attractive border.
Avoid using plastic cover.
Second Page – Content or Index (Project on Tsunami)
Content or the index page is to mention the topics along with the page numbers.
Use sketch pen for drawing the lines.
You may also use contrast color for writing Topic.
if you are using red color for drawing lines, use Blue/Green color for writing the topic and Page No.
Write the topics in the content with Blue/Black ink which you are using to write the project.
Third Page – Acknowledgement (School Project on Tsunami)
Every project must include an acknowledgement.
In this page you have to mention the name of your school, Principal and your subject teacher.
Keep it short and write in good handwriting.
I would like to express my special thanks of gratitude to my Principal ___________________ and my Geography teacher _____________for giving me this golden opportunity to complete the Disaster Management Project on the topic TSUNAMI, which helped me a lot in enhancing my wisdom while doing the research and during the course of completion of this project.
This project would not have completed without their enormous help, Guidance and support.
I would also like to thank my parents, relatives and friends for providing me with all the facility that was required.
Whenever I was in need, they were always there behind me.
Although, the project has been prepared with utmost care and deep routed interest, even then I accept respondent and imperfection.
Date: Name : XYZ
13/05/2021 Class & Sec IX – A
Fourth Page – Introduction to Tsunami
The word “tsunami” comprises the Japanese words ”tsu” meaning harbour and “nami” meaning wave)
A Tsunami is a series of long waves commonly generated by under-the-sea earthquakes.
It is generated by a large and sudden displacement of the ocean and whose heights could be greater than 5 meters.
Large earthquakes below or near the ocean floor are the most common cause.
Landslides, volcanoes and near earth objects like asteroids, comets can also cause a Tsunami.
But as the waves travel inland, they build up to higher and higher heights.
The speed of tsunami waves depends on ocean depth rather than the distance from the source of the wave.
Tsunami waves often look like walls of water and can attack the shoreline.
It can be dangerous for hours, with waves coming every 5 to 60 minutes.
The first wave may not be the largest, and often it is the 2nd, 3rd, 4th or even later waves that are the biggest.
Fifth & Sixth Page – Causes of Tsunami
It can be generated by movements along fault zones associated with plate boundaries.
All earthquakes are neither harmful nor they cause tsunamis.
Four major conditions necessary for an earthquake to cause a tsunami are:
i) The earthquake must occur beneath the ocean.
ii) It must be strong with an intensity of 6.5 on the Richter Scale.
iii) must occur at shallow depth – less than 70km below the water level.
iv) Also must cause vertical movement of the seafloor (up to several meters).
- A landslide that occurs along the coast can force large amounts of water into the sea.
- It can disturb the water and generate a tsunami.
- Even underwater landslides can also result in tsunamis.
- when the material loosened by the landslide moves violently, pushing the water in front of it.
Violent volcanic eruptions represent also impulsive disturbances.
A volcanic eruption in the ocean can therefore displace a great volume of water and generate extremely destructive tsunami waves.
The volcano of Krakatoa, in Indonesia was one of the largest and most destructive tsunamis ever recorded in 1883.
This explosion generated waves that reached 135 feet high.
It not only destroyed coastal towns and villages along the Sundae Strait but also killed 36, 417 people.
Extraterrestrial collision (i.e. asteroids, meteors) can also cause tsunamis.
But, these are an extremely rare occurrence.
Although till date, there is no such record of such tsunami.
If celestial bodies, 5-6 km in diameter, strike the ocean, a large volume of water would be displaced to cause a tsunami.
If such collision takes place in the Atlantic Ocean,
it will produce a tsunami that will travel all the way to the Appalachian Mountains in the United States.
Seventh Page – Early warning signs of a Tsunami (Project on Tsunami)
- occurrence of a very large earthquake that lasts for more than 20 seconds.
- rapid and unexpected recession of water levels below the expected low tide.
- Seismologists monitor for such events, around the clock.
- As soon as possible, a tsunami warning is issued to media and municipalities in regions where a tsunami is likely to hit.
- Sudden change in the behavior of sea waves.
- When you get warning of a tsunami, if there is time, move to higher ground immediately.
Eighth Page – Preparedness before Tsunami
- Check your house and land for any potential dangers related to flooding.
- Identify any vulnerability and repair it.
- Learn how to turn off the gas and electricity in your house. Local authorities may instruct you to shut these off.
- Do not store your important documents in the basement.
- Keep them at a higher level, protected from flood damage.
- Ensure that your family has an emergency kit and plan.
- Ensure the emergency kit is portable, in a back-pack or suitcase with wheels.
- Keep the contact numbers of local emergency, ambulance, Police and fire department.
Ninth Page – Preparedness during Tsunami
- Do not go near the shore to watch a tsunami .
- If you are not in a position to go to higher ground, stay inside.
- There is a gap between two tsunami waves.
- Listen for warnings or instructions from local officials.
- After a tsunami hits, you may encounter flood waters.
- It is best to listen carefully to rescue officials.
Tenth Page – Precautions to be taken after Tsunami
These are general instructions that apply to many emergencies but not
every situation is the same.
i) Try to stay calm and do not panic.
ii) Check yourself and your near and dear ones for injuries. If possible give first aid.
iii) Avoid turning on switches or light.
or flammable liquids spilled.
iv) Use mobile flashlights to check utilities.
v) If you are inside, check the building for structural damage.
If you suspect it is unsafe, leave.
vi) Get help if necessary.
vii) Listen to the instructions given by the authorities.
viii) Do not use the telephone except to report an injury.
Please leave the lines free for official use.
ix) Collect fresh water and readymade food.
x) Moreover, If you are in a high building, do not use the elevator of lift.
Eleventh Page – After Effects of Tsunami
Firstly, Tsunamis continue to affect people even after the water have receded.
Secondly, It can destroy the sewage system, building structures and contaminate water.
Decaying dead bodies of human and animals can lead to long term
However, the after effect of tsunami can be financial losses and fear
which can lead to psychological problems.
Spread of infection, disease, and casualties will continue for long.
It will take time to reconstruct and normalize the situation.
Overcrowded hospitals and lack of medical facilities.
Moreover, Transportation and communication will come to a halt.
Twelfth Page Tsunami in India – a brief history
Day and Date of Tsunami: 26th December 2004
Time of Tsunami : 7:59 a.m.
Reason of Tsunami : underwater earthquake
Intensity of earthquake : 8.9 on the Richter scale.
Location of Tsunami : Indian Ocean near Indonesia.
Worst affected countries: Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, and Thailand
Total Number of Deaths : 225,000 people
Worst affected areas in India: Coastal regions of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala.
Steps taken by Government after 2004 tsunami:
i) Firstly, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has improved the ability to detect and forecast tsunamis.
ii) Secondly, expanding a network of tsunami-detecting ocean sensors.
iii) Improvement in forecasting and warning systems
iv) Creating awareness and educating people about Tsunami.
v) Moreover, trained rescue escorts and formation of NDMA was a good step.
Thirteenth Page – Certificate (Project on Tsunami)
A B C Public School
This is to certify that (mention your name) of Class IX -A has completed the Social Science Project of Disaster Management entitled
“TSUNAMI” himself and under my guidance.
The progress of the project has been continuously reported and has been in my knowledge consistently.
Conclusion: (Project on Tsunami)
Tsunami is a natural disaster.
It can be mitigated by healthy well maintained coral reefs, mangroves or boundary walls.
People living in the coastal areas must be educated and trained to face Tsunami.
However, efforts have been taken to reduce the loss of life by tsunami with investment in early warning systems.
If you are interested to know more about /2004-indian-ocean-tsunami, click on the link given.