Hirakud Dam: Exploring India’s Longest Earthen Dam and It’s Significance


Written By Avinash Sharan

22nd May 2024

Hirakud Dam: Key Facts, Benefits, Tourism Tips, Nearby Attractions

The Hirakud Dam is a monumental structure that stands as a testament to human engineering and ingenuity. Located in the state of Odisha, it is one of the longest dams in the world. Standing at a towering height of 60,96 meters serves as a crucial lifeline for the people of the region.

The Hirakud dam is on the Mahanadi River, one of the major rivers in India. The construction of the Hirakud Dam helps in harnessing its water for irrigation, flood control, and hydroelectric power construction. It not only provides water for crop cultivation but also generates electricity that lights up countless homes and industries.

The Hirakud Dam holds immense importance in the state of Odisha as it has helped transform the agricultural landscape, turning barren lands into fertile fields. It also plays a significant role in controlling floods, there preventing loss of life and property.

For students, learning about the Hirakud Dam offers a glimpse into the world of civil engineering. It is a shining example of human innovation. Also the ability to harness nature’s resources for the greater good.

Hirakud Dam: Key Facts, Benefits, Tourism Tips, Nearby Attractions



Hirakud Dam: Key Facts

Are you curious about one of India’s most impressive feats? Look no further than the Hirakud Dam. Here are 15 key facts about this marvel that will leave you amazed:


The Hirakud Dam is located on the Mahanadi River in the state of Odisha.


Standing at a towering height of 60.96 meters, the Hirakud Dam is the longest earthen dam in the world.


The dam plays a crucial role in controlling the flow of the Mahanadi River.

It prevents floods during the monsoon season. Moreover, it also provides water for irrigation during dry spells.


Built between 1948 and 1956, the Hirakud Dam is the first major multipurpose river valley project in India.


The dam’s reservoir, known as Hirakud reservoir, covers an area of about 746 square kilometers.

It is one of the largest artificial lakes in Asia.


The Dam facilitates irrigation for over 1.2 million hectares of farmland in Odisha.

The Dam is benefitting countless farmers in the region.

Hydroelectric Power:

In addition to irrigation, the dam also generates hydroelectric power, contributing to the electricity needs of the surrounding areas.


The Hirakud Dam and its reservoir are home to a diverse range of flora and fauna.

It is a popular spot for bird-watching and nature enthusiasts.

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The dam is a popular tourist destination. It attracts visitors from all over the country.

Tourists enjoy scenic views, boating facilities, and nearby wildlife sanctuaries.

Engineering Marvel:

The construction of the Hirakud Dam was a major engineering achievement,

involving the use of over 25 million cubic meters of earth and rock.

First Floodlit Dam:

The Hirakud Dam is the first floodlit dam in India. Night illumination adds to its visual appeal.

Barpali Canal:

The dam also features the Barpali Canal, a major waterway that helps in the distribution of water for irrigation purposes.

Sustainable Development:

The Hirakud Dam has been instrumental in promoting sustainable development in the region providing a lifeline for agriculture and industry.

Conservation efforts:

The authorities and local communities are working together to protect the dam and its surrounding environment, ensuring its long-term sustainability.

The Hirakud Dam is not just a concrete structure but a lifeline for the people and ecosystems of Odisha. Its engineering brilliance, historical significance, and importance in sustainable development make it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in India’s water management practices.

So, next time you’re in the area, make sure to pay a visit to this remarkable marvel of human ingenuity.

Hirakud Dam: Key Facts, Benefits, Tourism Tips, Nearby Attractions

Hirakud Dam: Key Benefits

Do you know that the Hirakud Dam stands tall as one of the largest dams in the world. Built across the Mahanadi River, this monumental structure serves a multitude of purposes and provides numerous benefits to the region. Lrt’s look into the top 10 benefits of the Hirakud Dam:

Hydroelectric Power Generation:

One of the primary benefits of the Hirakud Dam is its ability to generate hydroelectric power.

The dam’s power station has a capacity of 07.5 MW, providing electricity to millions of people in the surrounding areas.


The Hirakud Dam plays a crucial role in providing water for irrigation purposes.

The dam’s reservoir helps in irrigating over 75.000 hectares of land, boosting agricultural productivity in the region.

Flood Control:

The dam serves as a barrier against floods, helping to protect the nearby areas from the devastating effects of flooding during the monsoon season.

Water Supply:

The dam ensures a steady supply of water for domestic, industrial, and agricultural needs in the region, serving as a lifeline for the local communities.

Fishery Development:

The dam reservoir has created ideal conditions for fish breeding, leading to the growth of a thriving fishery industry in the area.


The panoramic views and recreational activities offered by the Hirakud Dam make it a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from far and wide.


The dam facilitates smooth navigation along the Mahanadi River, providing a vital transportation route for goods and passengers.



Environmental Benefits:

The dam has led to the restoration of degraded lands and the preservation of biodiversity in the region, contributing to the overall ecological balance.


Standing at a height of 60.96 meters, the dam is an engineering marvel that showcases human ingenuity and innovation.

Progress and Prosperity:

The dam holds immense significance in the socio-economic development of the region.

It plays a pivotal role in the progress and prosperity of the state of Odisha.

The Hirakud Dam stands as a beacon of progress and development, embodying the transformative impact of infrastructure projects on the lives of people. Its benefits extend far and wide, making it a symbol of hope and prosperity for generations to come.

Hirakud Dam: Key Facts, Benefits, Tourism Tips, Nearby Attractions



Tourism Tips

Are you looking to explore the majestic Hirakud Dam located in the eastern Indian state of Odisha? Here are 10 essential tips to make the most of your trip:

  • Plan your visit during the winter months (November to February) to enjoy pleasant weather and clear skies.
  • Book your stay in advance at one of the hotels near the dam to experience the stunning views of the reservoir and surrounding landscape.
  • Take a guided tour of the dam to learn about its history, construction, and significance in the region.
  • Don’t miss the opportunity to witness the spectacular water release from the dam, which happens during the monsoon season.
  • Explore nearby villages and interact with locals to learn about their way of life and culture.
  • Pack sunscreen, caps, and sunglasses to protect ourselves from the scorching sun while visiting the dam premises.
  • Take a boat ride on the reservoir to get a closer look at the dam and its surroundings.
  • Visit the Hirakud Wildlife Sanctuary located nearby to spot diverse flora and fauna, including migratory birds.
  • Enjoy a picnic by the dam with your friends and family, making sure to use the facilities available for a comfortable experience.
  • Don’t forget to capture the breathtaking views of the dam and reservoir to cherish the memories of our trip for years to come.

So, pack your bags and get ready to explore the scenic beauty and engineering marvel of Hirakud Dam with these handy tips in mind.

Hirakud Dam: Key Facts, Benefits, Tourism Tips, Nearby Attractions

Nearby attractions

Nestled along the stunning Mahanadi River in the state of Odisha, the Hirakud Dam is a marvel of engineering and a must-see destination for any traveler visiting India. But while the dam itself is an impressive sight to behold, there are plenty of other attractions in the surrounding area that are just waiting to be explored.


One of the highlights of visiting Hirakud Dam is the opportunity to visit the charming villages that dot the countryside.

These villages offer a glimpse into traditional Indian life, with locals going about their daily routines and welcoming visitors with open arms.

Take a stroll through the narrow lane, explore the local markets, and sample some of the delicious regional cuisine.

Shop For Handicrafts:

Another popular attraction near the Hirakud Dam is the opportunity to shop for handicrafts.

The artisans in this region are known for their skill and creativity, and you’ll find a wide variety of handmade goods to choose from.

Whether you’re looking for intricately woven textiles, colorful pottery, or beautiful hand-painted items,

you’re sure to find something special to take home as a memento of your trip.

Wildlife Sanctuaries:

For nature lovers, the wildlife sanctuaries and National parks near the Hirakud Dam offer a chance to experience the incredible biodiversity of this region

up close.

Keep your eyes peeled for exotic birds, elusive big cats, and other fascinating creatures as you explore the lush forests and meandering rivers that make

this area is so unique.

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Spiritual Experiences:

If you’re in the mood for a spiritual experience, be sure to visit the temples near the Hirakud Dam.

These ancient structures are steeped in history and are considered sacred by locals and visitors alike.

Take some time to soak in the peaceful atmosphere, participate in a traditional ceremony, or simply admire the intricate architecture of these beautiful


Resorts and Homestays:

After a day of sightseeing, be sure to take some time to relax and unwind at one of the main resorts or homestays near the Hirakud Dam.

These accommodations offer a comfortable and welcoming place to rest your head, and many boast stunning views of the surrounding countryside.

Treat yourself to a traditional Ayurvedic massage, enjoy a delicious meal made with fresh, local sources ingredients, and

recharge your batteries in preparation for another exciting day of exploration.

Hirakud Dam: Key Facts, Benefits, Tourism Tips, Nearby Attractions


The Hirakud Dam is a remarkable destination that offers something for everyone. Whether you are a student looking to learn more about engineering and water management or a nature lover looking for scenic beauty, it has everything for all.

One of the key facts about the Hirakud Dam is its sheer size. Stretching over 25.8 kilometers in length, it is the longest dam in India and one of the longest in the world.

The benefits of the Hirakud Dam are numerous and far-reaching. It provides water for irrigation to over 10,000 square kilometers of land, helping farmers in the region increase their crop yields.

For tourists visiting the Hirakud Dam, there are plenty of tips to make the most of their experience. The nearby attractions, such as Sambalpur city and the Hirakud Wildlife Sanctuary, are also worth a visit. Visitors can take a boat ride on the reservoir, offering a unique perspective of the dam and its surroundings.

For students working on a school project, there is a wealth of information to explore, from its history, and key facts to its benefits and tourism tips. The dam’s an impressive size and the multitude of benefits it provides to the region make it a fascinating subject to study, for tourists looking for a unique and educational experience, a visit to the Hirakud Dam is a must-do when in Odisha,

The Hirakud Dam is not only a key source of water and electricity, but also a popular tourist destination. It offers stunning views and a glimpse into the history of engineering.

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