Population Lesson Plan: An Incredibly Easy Method That Works For All


Written By Avinash Sharan

15th January 2023

Population Lesson Plan With Activities – Class IX Geography

An effective Population lesson plan will help you in contributing to your own success and well-being. Here, get a well-designed population lesson plan that will help you to translate the curriculum into learning activities. Moreover, It will also help you to cater to the needs of every individual student. The population lesson plan is designed to help teachers in creating successful learning outcomes. Therefore, let’s get started. For the lesson plan of the previous chapter Natural Vegetation and Wildlife click here.

Class IX Geography Population Lesson Plan With Activities

Subject: Geography

No. of periods required: 07 to 08

Name of the chapter: Population

General Objective:

i) Firstly, to create interest in the subject.

ii) Secondly, to develop thinking and problem-solving skills.

iii) Thirdly, to develop communication and collaborative skills among the students.

iv) Fourthly, to make the students aware of the benefits of quality population, and

v) Finally to know about methods of population control.

Learning Objective:

  1. to know about India’s population.
  2. know about the uneven distribution of the population.
  3. to differentiate between population growth and population change.
  4. to understand how humans contribute to Nation’s development.

Specific Objective:

  1. acquire knowledge of human resources.
  2. relate how climate, and topography, affect the distribution of population.
  3. understand different terms like migration, birth rate, death rate, Literacy, etc.
  4. know about the factors that affect the population.
  5. also to understand the role and importance of a healthy population.

Teaching Aid:

Pol. map of India, Black-Board, Chalk, Duster, Smart class, PPTs.,

Previous Knowledge:

It is expected that students have at least some basic knowledge of India’s population.

Teacher-Student Interaction On Population:

The teacher uses the Interactive method to check their previous knowledge.

Teacher’s question: Which is the most populated country in the world?

Students answer China.

Teacher: Which is the second largest populated country in the world?

Students: India.

Teacher: Do you think that human beings are resources for a nation?

Students: Yes.

Students: Then, why do we need to control the population?

Students are unable to answer. (Problematic question) Announcement of the Topic:

Teacher: Today we will read about ‘ How population can be an asset or a liability”?

Class IX Geography Chapter-2 Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan

Teaching Points:

i) Introduction

ii) Distribution of Population

iii) Density of population

iv) Factors affecting the distribution of the population

v) Population growth and Patterns of population change.

vi) Sex ratio, Literacy, and age composition

vii) Adolescent population

viii) National population policy 2000.

Population Lesson Plan With Activities – Class IX Geography

Teaching Method: Interactive, Lecture cum Discussion Method

At first, the teacher uses various methods to make the topic interesting.

Secondly, interacts with the children so that they are involved in the discussion.

Thirdly, explains what is a human resource by giving them examples.

Thereafter, discusses how man-made resources are different from human resources.

Fourthly, discusses the factors affecting the distribution of the population.

Fifthly, explains, Birth rate, Death rate, literacy, types of migration, and occupation

Finally, discusses the importance of a healthy population.

Class IX India- Size and Location Lesson Plan – 2022-23 With Worksheet

Population Lesson Plan With Activities – Class IX Geography

Activity 1: To Understand the Distribution of Population

Group size: 8 – 10 students.

Time Duration:  30 minutes.


At first, the teacher divides the class into four groups.

Gives instructions:

Firstly, I am going to divide the class into four corners.

10 students will be sent out from the class.

However, they will enter only when they are asked.

After entering the class, these students have to select any one corner of their choice.

Other students will observe.

10 students are sent out.

In the meantime, the teacher along with other students arrange the four corners of the room in the following manner.

Corner 1 will have two water bottles.

The second Corner will have five tiffin boxes and 1 water bottle.

The third Corner will have 15 water bottles and 15 tiffin boxes.

Corner 4 will have nothing.

Now, 10 students are asked to enter and select a corner of their choice where they have to remain for the whole day.

Moreover, other students will observe and write the reason why most of the students have preferred corner 3.

Term II Climate MCQ’s: 30 Most Challenging Questions For Class IX Students

Population Lesson Plan With Activities – Class IX Geography

Second Activity: To understand the Density of the Population

Group size: All 40 students.

Time Duration:  30 minutes.


First, the teacher divides the class into four groups.

Then, the teacher asks all the students to leave the class.

Thereafter, the First 10 students are called and asked to occupy any seat in the classroom.

So, the number of seats is more and the population in the class is less.

Now, The teacher asks 20 students to occupy any two tows.

This time, all the students get their seats and both rows are filled.

Now, the teacher asks all 40 students to occupy one row.

Now, the students rush and push each other and struggle to get a seat.

This is what happens when the space is less and there are more people.

Finally, this activity explains the density of the population.

Activity 3: Map Activity: To Understand Uneven Distribution Of Population

Group size: 7-8 students.

Time Duration:  30 minutes.


The teacher divides the class into four groups.

At first, Group 1 is asked to look at the atlas and mark the most densely populated areas of India.

Secondly, Group 2 is asked to mark the moderately populated areas of India in the outline map.

Similarly, group 3 is asked to mark the areas with the low population on the map of India.

Thereafter, Group four students will go to each row and ask the reason for high, moderate, and low population and will award marks.

Finally, the teacher asks all the groups to put their map on the display board.

Activity 4: Case Studies: To Understand Internal and External Migration 

Group size: 5-6 students.

Time Duration:  30 minutes.


Firstly, the teacher divides the class into 8 groups.

Each group has 5 members. Each group member has to mention that he/she is originally from which state.

Why did his parents or grandparents leave the village and settled in the city?

Or why he left his state and is working in some other state.

Why one of the family members has gone abroad?

If you are given a chance to settle anywhere in the world, which place will you prefer and why?

Finally, every group member has to write and submit it to the teacher within 30 minutes of time.

Assessment Criteria:

i) Knowledge of the subject.

ii) Presentation.

Two students (who are not participating) along with the teacher will judge the activity and accordingly marks will be awarded to the group.

Skills developed:

i) thinking and problem-solving skills.

ii) collaborative skills.


Short questions framed from the chapter will be provided to the students.

Moreover, the students will note down these questions in their notebooks.

Each student has to write the answer.

Techniques to be used:

Think pair share Discussion Group work.

Short questions Planned For Population Lesson Plan

  1. Which is the most populated country in the world?
  2. Name the most populated continent in the world.
  3. Which is the most populated state in India?
  4. What is the density of the population?
  5. Which is the most densely populated country in the world?
  6. Which is the most densely populated state of India?
  7. Who are immigrants?
  8. Who are emigrants?
  9. What is Life expectancy?
  10. Which Indian state has a favorable  Sex ratio? Give one reason.
  11. Which Indian state has an unfavorable sex ratio? Give one reason.
  12. Why do people move from rural to urban areas?


  1. Why European countries are more developed and densely populated?
  2. In spite of its huge population, how China has become one of the most developed nations in the world. Find out?  चाइना से क्या सीखें ?

Population Lesson Plan With Activities – Class IX Geography

Interdisciplinary activities planned for Social Science Human Resources Lesson Plan:

The teacher gives enough choices.

Students have to participate in any one activity.

However, students are free to take up any one activity either individually or in a group.

Best Role Play Activities To Improve Communication Skills

Integrating with Mathematics:

Collect the census report from 1901 to 2021.

Represent it on the graph. Calculate the increase or decrease of population in percentage.

With Political Science:

Make strict laws on population control?

With English / Hindi:

The government of India is planning to increase the age of marriage of girls from 18 to 21. Write your opinion.

Write the advantages of a healthy population.

OR Write slogans to make people aware of a small and healthy family.

Integrating with Biology:

Mention the problems of adolescent age https://www.inlifehealthcare.com/teenage-problems/?

Assessment criteria:

Moreover, the teacher will assess the project report under the following parameters:

i) Content,

ii) Presentation

iii) Involvement and

iv) Language.


Class IX Geography NTSE- Most expected questions

Population Lesson Plan With Activities – Class IX Geography

Learning Outcome:

After reading the chapter, the students will be able to:

  1. define census.
  2. understand the factors responsible for the uneven distribution of the population.
  3. Develop an attitude toward Gender Equality.
  4. appraise the efforts made by the government to control the population.
  5. Understanding the need for population control
  6. Understands the merits of a healthy population.
  7. Lastly, Critically analyze the importance of literacy and health on the quality of the population.
  8. Develop the habit of a balanced diet and good moral values.

Remedial Measures:

  1. Initially, the teacher prepares short questions and answers for the slow learners.
  2. Moreover, the teacher also plans extra classes after school hours.
  3. However, the teacher also uses the “Pair and Share” method.

Population Lesson Plan With Activities – Class IX Geography


Basically, the population lesson plan caters to the need of every child. Moreover, the population lesson plan also has four interesting activities which students will love in class. The population lesson plan also deals with the quality and not the quantity of the population. Children will understand why human beings are the greatest resource. Above all, we have tried to keep this population lesson plan simple and interactive. https://www.learninsta.com/ncert-solutions-for-class-9-social-science-geography-chapter-6/

Was this population lesson plan helpful to you? Do write your views in the comment box given below.

Related Posts


  1. studyvillage.net

    “I’m truly grateful for your support and guidance. You’re amazing!”

    • Avinash Sharan



Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *