Class IX Geography Chapter-2 Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan

Written By Avinash Sharan

11th May 2022

Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan – Class IX Session – 2022-23

Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan – Are you looking for it? Then you are at the right place. Planning your lessons are essential to complete within the given time frame. Moreover, it does not allow you to get deviated from the topic. “By failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail.” Lesson Plans are developed on the daily basis by teachers to guide class learning.

Moreover, this class IX Physical Features Of India lesson plan is mainly for new teachers but It will also be helpful to B.Ed. aspirants. Here, we are providing you a complete and detailed class IX Physical Features Of India lesson plan and also the content, headings you need to add to your lesson plans to make it meaningful.

For lesson plan of class IX Geography Chapter 1, Click the link given below

India – Size and Location Lesson Plan – 2022-23

Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan – Class IX Session – 2022-23

This Lesson Plan includes:

  • Name of the Text Book
  • Name of the chapter
  • General Objective
  • Learning Objective
  • Specific Objective
  • Pedagogical strategies
  • Application of knowledge:
  • Teaching aids / Resources
  • Teacher Student Classroom Interaction:
  • Content / Teaching Points.
  • Methodology
  • Activities Planned
  • Class work
  • Home Work
  • Interdisciplinary linkages
  • Art Integration
  • Formative Assessment.
  • Remedial measures
  • Learning Outcome
  • Conclusion

Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan – Class IX Session – 2022-23

Name of the Text Book:

Contemporary India – I

Name of the chapter

Physical Features Of India.

General Objective:

Firstly, to create interest in the subject.

Secondly, to develop thinking and problem solving skills.

Thirdly, to develop communication and collaborative skills among the students.

Fourthly, to make the students aware about the physical features of India.

Finally to know the importance of all the physical features of India

Learning Objective:

Students will be able to:

  • Firstly, Identify the role of natural forces causing changes in the earth landforms
  • Secondly, Analyze / understand the importance of Himalayas as Climatic Divide.
  • Thirdly, Assess the role of Northern plains as food bowl of India.
  • Fourthly, Analyze the importance of Peninsular plateau as store house of minerals.
  • Next, Differentiate between Western and Eastern Ghats 
  • Thereafter, distinguish between Western and Eastern Coastal plains.
  • Finally, Locate, label and identify various important physical features of India on the outline political map of India.

Specific Objective:

  • Firstly, to understand the meaning of Physiographic divisions.
  • Secondly, to understand the formation of all major physical features of India.
  • Lastly, to understand the importance of all physical divisions of India.

Pedagogical strategies

  • After telling students what to do, it’s important to show them exactly how to do it.
  • Experiential Learning
  • Student-Led Classroom
  • Classroom Discussion

Application of knowledge:

Apply the gained knowledge in their real life situation.

Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan – Class IX Session – 2022-23

Teaching aids / Resources

NCERT Text- book, Map of India, PPT.

Checking Previous Knowledge about India:

It is expected that students have at least basic knowledge of India’s physical features.

Teacher Student Classroom Interaction:

The teacher uses Interactive method to check their previous knowledge.

Teacher’s question: Which country do you live in?

Students answer:  India.

Teacher:  what do you mean by physical features?

Students:  Mountains, desert, plateaus, desert etc.

Teacher: which desert lies in India?

Students: Thar desert.

Teacher:  Can you name some rivers coming out from Himalayas?

Students: Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra, Indus etc.

Teacher: Do you know how the Himalayas were formed?

Students: Students are unable to answer. (Problematic question)

Announcement of the Topic:

Teacher: Today we will read about how the physical features of India were formed.

Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan – Class IX Session – 2022-23

Content Teaching points

  • The concept of Plate Tectonics
  • Major Physiographic divisions of India.
  • The Himalayas (Divisions in North-South direction and East-West direction)
  • The Northern plains (Divisions according to regions and variations in relief)
  • The Peninsular Plateau (Central Highland and Deccan Plateau)
  • The Indian Desert(That Desert)
  • The coastal Plains (The Eastern and Western Coastal plain)
  • The Islands (The Andaman–Nicobar Group and Lakshadweep)

Methodology:

Story telling and Lecture method with diagrammatic explanation on the board.

The teacher first introduces the topic to the class.

Checks their knowledge and understanding about the physical features of India.

Explains plate tectonics, convergence and divergence.

Discusses about the formation of Himalayas

Further, the teacher discusses about the formations of Peninsular plateau, Northern plains and desert.

In due course of time, the teacher explains how Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal was formed.

While explaining the chapter, the teacher introduces some Geographical terms such as tributary, distributary, delta and estuary etc.

For lesson plan of class IX Geography Chapter 1, Click the link given below

India – Size and Location Lesson Plan – 2022-23

.India – Size and Location Worksheet For Group Activity

Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan – Class IX Session – 2022-23

Teaching Method:

Interactive, Lecture cum Discussion Method

The teacher uses various methods to make the topic interesting.

Also interacts with the children so that they are involved in the discussion.

Explains physical features of India using map.

Thereafter, explains the Northern mountains – Himadri, Himachal and Shiwaliks.

 Further, the teacher explains the formation of Northern Plains. 

In due course of time, Explains peninsular plateau, coastal plains, Island groups and desert.

Activities Planned – Physical Features Of India

(to be included in Lesson Plan) 

Activity 1: 

TOPIC COVERED:

Physical features of India.

OBJECTIVE:

To know the important features of each physical feature of India.

SKILLS DEVELOPED:

understanding of the topic.

TIME REQUIRED:

1 Period

METHOD:

Firstly, the teacher prepares five cards.

Next, writes five features of each physical division and put these in different envelopes.

Ask students to write any five features of any one land form e..g. (Mountains, Plateaus, Plains, desert etc.)

Thereafter, call a student.

Ask him to open the envelope and read about the features written on it.

Ask the students to match all the points with the card.

Similarly, call another student to open the next envelope for next feature say “The Northern Mountains.

In this way all the PHYSICAL DIVISIONS OF INDIA – CLASS IX can be revised easily

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA:

This activity will not be assessed.

NOTE: All the five cards  will be displayed on the class board.

ACTIVITY II –

TOPIC COVERED:

Eastern and Western Ghats.

OBJECTIVE:

To know the important features of Deccan plateau.

SKILLS DEVELOPED:

understanding of the topic.

TIME REQUIRED:

1 Period

METHOD:

At first, the teacher divides the class according to the height of students.

The taller ones are asked to stand on the western side.

The smaller ones will stand on the eastern side by forming small groups.

Ask the tallest student to hold a paper written as Anai – Mudi ( Highest peak)

Moreover, they can be named as Annamalai, Cardomom, Nilgiri hills etc.

Finally, ask any one student to read out the difference between Western and Eastern Ghats.

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA:

This activity will not be assessed.

NOTE: While the students are involved in the  SOCIAL SCIENCE ACTIVITIES  , take the photos.

Class work:

Short questions framed from the chapter will be provided to the students. The students will note down these questions in their note books. Each student has to write the answer. Techniques to be used: Think pair share Discussion Group work.

Short questions Planned from Physical features of India:

  1. Why is Northern plain known as the food bowl of India?
  2. How does Himalayan Mountain act as a climatic divide?
  3. Why Shiwaliks are prone to earthquakes and landslides?
  4. How can you say that all physical features are complimentary to each other?
  5. “Variety of physical features make India self -sufficient in the resources”, Explain the statement by giving examples.
  6. Northern Plain is a thickly populated region, how can you say that?
  7. Compare the two categories of the northern plain of India on the basis of `new alluvium’ and old alluvium’.

Home work:

  1. Long answer type questions.
  2. Extra questions from the chapter.
  3. Map Work:

Locate and label the following features on the Political map of India:

i) Coastal Plains: Coro Mandal Coast,  Northern Circars, Malabar coast

ii) Himalayan Passes: Nathu la Pass,  Shipki La pass,  

iii) Himalayan Peaks: Mt. K2,  Mt. Kanchenchunga,  NangaParbat,  NamchaBarwa,

iv) Deccan Plateau:  AnaiMudi, Mahendergiri, Malwa and Vindhya range.

Find out

  • Why most of the earthquakes come in Himalayan Region?
  • Should big dams like Tehri be constructed on Himalayas?

Read टेहरी बाँध : खतरा सर पर

Read हिमालय-भारत का सबसे कमज़ोर पर्वत

Interdisciplinary linkages

HINDI/ ENGLISH: Write a short poem on Himalayas.

MATHS: Mention the height of five highest peaks of Himalayas and represent it on a graph paper.

Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan – Class IX Session – 2022-23

Art Integration

Drawing the map of India with free hand showing all the physical features.

Children will enjoy making the map of India using dough at home.

Watch this short video.

Formative Assessment:

All types of questions will be asked to the students to check their knowledge and understanding.

Remedial Measure:

  1. Review the learning achievement of all the students by asking 5 Whys. higher order thinking questions and logical reasoning questions.
  2. students will be asked to prepare mind maps on the theme:
  • Vertical divisions of Himalaya,
  • Island Groups of India and
  • divisions of The Peninsular Plateau.
  1. Based upon the feedback and assessment of the underachievers, the teacher will make desired changes in the lesson Plan according to students’ need.
  2. Conduct remedial class for slow learners.
  • Initially, the teacher prepares short questions and answers for the slow learners.
  • Moreover, the teacher also plans extra class after the school hours.
  • However, the teacher also uses “Pair and Share” method.

FOR SLOW LEARNERS 

Solve the following questions using “Pair and Share” method.

  1. Define the following terms:   Tectonic Plates, Convergence, Divergence and Delta
  2. The two divisions of the Peninsular Plateau are eastern Ghats and __________________
  3. Name the range of Himalayas that consists of High Peaks ___________
  4. Mt. Everest is located in which country _____________________________
  5. Name the important rivers which has formed the Northern Plains ________________________
  6. The plateau lies between the Aravalli hills and Vindhya range___________
  7. Mumbai-Goa coast is also known as______________________________

Learning Outcome: 

After reading the chapter, the students will be able to –

  1. Firstly, relate the importance of Relief features in terms of Economic Development of the country
  2. Secondly, analyze the productive and protective role of Himalaya.
  3. Thirdly, Identify the role of natural forces causing changes in the earth landforms
  4. Fourthly, analyze the importance of Himalayas as climatic-divide
  5. Fifthly, assess the role of northern plains as food bowl of India
  6. Lastly, distinguish between Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats.

Physical Features Of India Lesson Plan – Class IX Session – 2022-23

Conclusion:

This lesson plan of class IX Geography chapter 2 Physical Features Of India caters the need of every child. While preparing lesson plans, a teacher must keep the following things in mind.

  • Firstly, Do not stick to your lesson plan. Be flexible.
  • Secondly, Focus on the objective right from the beginning.
  • Thirdly, You may deviate from your lesson plan depending on the actuality of the classroom.
  • Fourthly, keep up the students interests and motivation.
  • Finally, Assess students performance to know their achievements and drawbacks.

Here in this lesson plan of chapter 2 Physical Features Of India, we have tried to include all the above points. If you like this lesson plan and you are eagerly looking for the next one on chapter 3 (Climate), do subscribe with your mail id.

For lesson plan of class IX Geography Chapter 1, Click the link given below

India – Size and Location Lesson Plan – 2022-23

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