GEOGRAPHY LESSON PLAN – IX – TERM II

Written By Avinash Sharan

9th November 2020

Geography lesson plan for class IX  is planned according to National Curriculum Framework (NCF) which states that chapters must be linked with the students life outside the school.

Have you ever felt while teaching that why the bell isn’t ringing. Why the period is so long? When will the bell ring? How boring is this chapter?

These are the signs of being unorganized and ineffective in the class.

Therefore, you need to plan to reverse the situation. Therefore, Lesson plans  can help you to plan your lessons better.

There are many benefits of having a clear and organized set of Lesson plans. Good planning can make you effective and confident.

This lesson plan of Geography for class IX includes classroom activities which will engage the students in creative learning. For Term I  GEOGRAPHY LESSON PLAN – IX   click on the given link.  

Geography lesson plan Activity based – IX

Chapters included:

1. Climate

2. Natural vegetation and wildlife

3. Population

 

CHAPTER 4 – CLIMATE

Introducing the topic:

Teacher: Oh, today the climate is so hot and humid. I am feeling very uncomfortable in this climate. Are you also feeling the same children.

Children: Yes teacher, today’s climate is really very hot.

Teacher: and how was yesterday’s climate?

Children: Teacher, yesterday’s climate was also the same.

Teacher: What should I say – today’s climate is hot and humid or today’s weather is hot and humid.

Children: Few children will say weather and few climate.

Teacher: Do you think both are same? Is it very confusing?

So, today let’s try to understand the difference between weather and climate.

1 Topic:

Weather and climate

2 Total number of teaching periods required:

8 TO 10

3.TEACHING AIDS:  

Text Book, Black -board, Map of India, PPT

4. OBJECTIVE:

i. to know about the various reasons which affect the climate.

ii) to know about the different types of climatic conditions in the country.

iii) understanding the mechanism of monsoon.

iv) to understand how Monsoon unites us.

5. TEACHING POINTS:

i) Weather and climate

ii) Climatic controls and factors affecting India’s climate.

iii) The Indian monsoon – Arrival of monsoon and returning of monsoon.

iv) The seasons – Hot weather season, Cold weather season and Rainy season.

v) Distribution of rainfall and Monsoon as a unifying bond.

6. METHOD: Interactive

The teacher interacts with the students.

Through interaction, the teacher tries to extract the difference between weather and climate.

Note down the key differences between weather and climate on the board.

Why is Delhi so hot during summer and extremely cold in winter?

Why hill stations are cold during summer?

By asking such questions, the teacher moves to the next topic factors affecting the climate of a place.

Explains distance from the equator, distance from the sea and height above the sea level with examples.

By asking another question like why rainy season comes only after the summer season, the teacher introduces the term Monsoon.

Further, the teacher explains with the help of diagram the arrival and returning of monsoon.

Meanwhile, some important terms like jet streams, ITCZ, October Heat, Mango shower etc. is also be discussed.

Activity- I (indoor):

NAME OF THE ACTIVITY: PREDICTING RAIN

MATERIALS REQUIRED: PINECONES

OBJECTIVE: To learn about the prediction of rain by observing the nature.

PROCEDURE:

i) keep the pinecone in the class.

ii) ask the students to observe the pinecone and the weather daily and record the observations.

iii) Children will be surprised to note that when the weather is dry, the pinecones stays open.

iv) When the humidity increases or it is about to rain, the pinecones close.

LEARNING OUTCOME:

Children will observe and learn that “Pinecones actually open and close based on the humidity to help seed dispersal” (integrating with science – Biology)

ACTIVITY II (outdoor)

1. NAME OF THE ACTIVITY:

MEASURING RAINFALL BY MAKING A RAIN GAUGE.

2. MATERIALS REQUIRED:

A 2 liter Pepsi bottle, marker pen, small stones, scissors, scale and tape.

3. PROCEDURE:

i) First, Ask the students to cut one-third of the 2 liter Pepsi bottle from the top.

ii) Then, Put some stones at the bottom of the bottle to make it heavy.

iii) Now, put some water until just above the stone level.

iv) Draw a scale on the bottle using ruler and marker.

v) Note down, where lies the water line above the stones (before rain)

vi) Now, invert the one-third part of the bottle which was cut.

vii) Place it over the bottle to act as a funnel.

viii) Now, Leave the bottle outside to capture rain.

4. LEARNING OUTCOME:

In this way, children understand how to measure rainfall.

5. CLASS WORK:

Important terms, MCQ’s, short and long answer type questions and map related work will be done in the class.

6. INTEGRATING WITH OTHER SUBJECTS:

I) HINDI/ENGLISH:

Write a poem on Rainy season/ वर्षा ऋतु

II) MATHS: Calculate the average and mean temperature of any five places and represent it through a bar graph.

iii) ART INTEGRATION:

a) Draw the farmers working in Agricultural field.

b) Make paper boats with waste materials (old newspapers)

7. HOME-WORK PLANNED:

I) Revise the topics taught in the class.

ii) HOTS Questions CLIMATE- STUDY MATERIAL AND NOTES FOR CLASSES IX & XI will be given to the students.

Do you know at what time the maximum and minimum temperatures in a day recorded?

Click the link MEASURING TEMPERATURE- MAXIMUM & MINIMUM

8. FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT:

All types of questions will be asked to the students to check their knowledge and understanding.

9. REMEDIAL MEASURES: 

EACH ONE-TEACH ONE

10. LEARNING OUTCOMES:

i) Develops conceptual skills.

ii) Understands the importance of Rainy and other seasons.

Geography lesson plan Activity based – IX

Chapter 5: Natural vegetation and wildlife

INTRODUCING THE TOPIC:

Teacher: Can I say that Wheat is the Natural Vegetation of Punjab. OR

Can I say that Rice is the Natural Vegetation of Assam.

Children: Yes teacher, because wheat grows in Punjab and rice grows in Assam.

Teacher: Do we grow wheat and rice?

Children: Yes teacher.

Teacher: So, when we grow anything can we call it a Natural Vegetation?

Children : No teacher. Natural vegetation is not grown by us.

Teacher: very good, therefore, wheat and rice are crops, cereals not the vegetation

and the trees which you see on the mountains, or in a forest,

such trees are called Natural vegetation.

Today we are going to read about Natural vegetation.

1 TOPIC:

Natural vegetation and wildlife

2 TOTAL NUMBER OF TEACHING PERIODS:

5 TO 6

3.TEACHING AIDS: 

Text Book, Black -board, Physical map of India, PPT

4. OBJECTIVE:

i)  First, is to find out the nature of diverse flora and fauna as well as their distribution.

ii) Then, to develop concern about the need to protect the bio-diversity of our country.

5. TEACHING POINTS:

i) Natural Vegetation – Virgin vegetation, Endemic vegetation and Exotic vegetation.

ii) Types of Vegetation:

iii) Wildlife – Their importance and conservation.

iv) Nation parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Bio-reserves

6. METHOD:

Story telling and interactive method

Brain-storming and

Activity method

7. ACTIVITY PLANNED:

NAME OF THE ACTIVITY:

Think, Pair and Share.

MATERIALS REQUIRED:

No materials will be required.

OBJECTIVE:

To learn about Flora and Fauna and the factors affecting the Natural Vegetation and Wildlife.

PROCEDURE:

i) Firstly, the class will be divided into 4 groups. (10×4 = 40)

ii) Then, children from each group will be asked to make pair. (2×5 =10)

iii) In the pair, one child will explain and the other will listen and ask questions.

iv)  Moreover, after 5 minutes, they will make new pairs and discuss again.

v) Now, one volunteer from each group will ask 5-5 questions and assess their understanding.

LEARNING OUTCOME:

Children will learn about India’s diverse natural vegetation.

ACTIVITY II

1. NAME OF THE ACTIVITY

Group discussion on “conservation of Natural vegetation and wildlife and the role of government”.

2. MATERIALS REQUIRED:

No materials required.

3. PROCEDURE:

i) Firstly, the class will be divided into 5 groups.

ii) Each group will discuss on the given topic.

iii) However, group leader will note down important suggestions.

iv) All important suggestions will be placed on the class display board.

v) While the students are engaged in discussions,

The teacher will observe and assess their performance on

i) participation.

ii) Knowledge

iii) Group work and

iv) Presentation.

4. LEARNING OUTCOME:

Children will learn the importance of conservation.

5. CLASS WORK:

Important terms, MCQ’s, short and long answer type questions and map related work will be done in the class.

6. INTEGRATING WITH OTHER SUBJECTS:

I) ENGLISH/HINDI:

a) Write an auto-biography of a tree which has been cut.

b) एक पेड़ की आत्मकथा लिखो.

II) BIOLOGY: Find out which medicines do we get from animals.

III) ART: Make an advertisement on the conservation of trees/wild animals.

DO YOU THINK THAT WILD ANIMALS CAN BE THE SOURCE OF INSPIRATION  क्या गणेश जी एक आधुनिक कंप्यूटर के डिज़ाइन थे ? ?

7. HOME-WORK PLANNED:

I) Revise the topics taught in the class.

ii) HOTS Questions will be given to the students.

8. FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT:

All types of questions will be asked to the students to check their knowledge and understanding.

9. REMEDIAL MEASURES: 

i) Independent work.

ii) Loud reading of the chapter.

iii) Questions with basic understanding will be given.

iv) Personal attention during extra class.

10. LEARNING OUTCOMES:

Students will learn about

i) number of species of plants and animals in India

ii) How climate ,topography, Rainfall and Photo-period affect the growth of natural vegetation and wildlife

iii) Importance of ecosystem and Biome

iv) Children will develop citizenship through understanding the Indian diversity in natural vegetation and wildlife.

v) Map work will increase creativity.

vi) Moreover, communication skills will enhance by debating on the topic.

Geography lesson plan Activity based – IX

CHAPTER 6 – POPULATION

INTRODUCING THE TOPIC:

TEACHER: Raghu lives in a small 1BHK house.

He is a student of class ix. His father works in a factory.

Mother is a house wife. Sister reads in a college.

Father’s income is not much but he manages his family anyhow.

Suppose all of a sudden, 10-12 guests come to his house for a week. What will happen?

CHILDREN: Teacher Raghu will enjoy, have fun with so many people at home.

TEACHER: Will Raghu’s mother’s work will increase or decrease.

CHILDREN: It will increase.

TEACHER: Will the expenses in his house increase or decrease?

CHILDREN: It will increase.

TEACHER: What problems will his family face if there is increase of people in the house.

CHILDREN: Teacher, less space to sleep, washroom, water problem, expenses will increase, workload will increase,

noise, shortage of food, disturbance in studies, cleanliness, economic condition of the family,

load on his father as he is the only earning member, dependent people will increase.

TEACHER: So, we see that almost same situation arises when there is too much population in the country.

In this chapter we are going to study about population of India in details.

1 TOPIC:

POPULATION

2 TOTAL NUMBER OF TEACHING PERIODS:

7 tO 8

3.TEACHING AIDS: 

Text Book, Black -board, Physical and Political map of India and Smart class

4. OBJECTIVE:

i) Firstly, to analyze the uneven nature of population distribution.

ii) to show concern about the large size of India’s population.

iii) Recognize various occupation and factors of population change.

iv) to understand about the NATIONAL POPULATION POLICY (NPP 2000) and

V) Moreover, they will understand the needs of adolescent population DO YOU KNOW THAT YOU ARE UNIQUE ? .

5. TEACHING POINTS:

i) Population – the pivotal element.

ii) Size and distribution.

iii) Population growth and population change

iv) Age composition, sex ratio, Literacy rates, occupational structure and health.

v) Adolescent population and NATIONAL POPULATION POLICY (NPP 2000)

6. METHOD:

i) Interactive method ii) Brain-storming iii) SOCIAL SCIENCE ACTIVITIES VI-VIII Activity method

The teacher will begin the class by asking few questions on population to check their prior knowledge.

After getting the responses from the students, the teacher will introduce the topic.

Some important terms will also be introduced like census, birth-rate, migration, etc.

Will discuss about the census done by the government and the importance of it.

Moreover, the teacher plans an activity to learn more about Census.

ACTIVITY-I:

1 NAME OF THE ACTIVITY:

Learning about Census in India 

2 MATERIALS REQUIRED:

No materials will be required.

3. OBJECTIVE:

To learn about the benefits of census.

4. PROCEDURE:

i) First, the students will be asked a prepare questions to be asked during census.

ii) Each child will at least visit 10 families in their neighborhood.

iii) They will ask questions such as how many people live in family, their age, qualifications, ale female, original hometown etc.

iv)  On the basis of survey done, they will be asked to give a presentation.

v) Students will present it on the graph paper.

5. LEARNING OUTCOME:

Children will learn how Census is done, Birth and Death rate, migration, sex -ratio etc.

ACTIVITY II

  1. NAME OF THE ACTIVITY

POPULATION GROWTH IN INDIA

2. MATERIALS REQUIRED:

Smart board

3. PROCEDURE:

i) The teacher first asks the children the population of India..

ii) Then plays the video lesson https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=74ej9loZI-c

iii) Pause it after 30 secs.

iv) Checks did anyone in the class correctly guess India’s population.

v) Now, ask the children to consider some issues that might be of concern with this huge population living in one country.

vi) Write down the points on the board.

vii) Play the video once again.

viii) How many of the students concerns regarding population growth were mentioned in the video lesson?

ix) Summarize the key points related to population growth in India.

x) Ask questions.

xi) Is India really over populated?

Watch the video.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H13CiPHNqYs  What may be the solutions of over population.

4. LEARNING OUTCOME:

Children will learn the concerns regarding population growth

5. CLASS WORK:

Important terms, short and long answer type questions and map related work will be done in the class.

6. INTEGRATING WITH OTHER SUBJECTS:

I) ENGLISH: Speech on the topic ” QUALITY OF PEOPLE MATTERS NOT THE QUANTITY”

II) Hindi: Prepare a funny skit on population explosion.

7. HOME-WORK PLANNED:

I) Revise the topics taught in the class.

ii) HOTS Questions will be given to the students.

8. FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT:

All types of questions will be asked to the students to check their understanding.

9. REMEDIAL MEASURES: 

i) Independent work.

ii) Loud reading of the chapter.

iii) worksheet on basic understanding will be given.

iv) Personal attention and motivation during extra class.

10. LEARNING OUTCOMES: 

After completing the chapter, the students will be able to

i) explain the important terms like census, birth rate, death rate, migration etc.

ii) understands the importance of a small family.

iii) Develops an attitude towards Gender Equality.

iv) Understands the importance of Literacy and benefits of healthy population.

v) Learns that quality not the quantity matters.

vi) Understands the importance and problems of teenagers.

CONCLUSION:

Teaching differs from person to person.

But, you cannot deny the fact that planning before entering a class is required.

How so ever experienced you are or what ever may be your qualifications, you need to plan your topic.

Someone has rightly said, “If you fail to plan, you plan to fail”.

Therefore, I hope this Geography lesson plan – class IX helps you to plan your topics better.

If you like this lesson plan, do share it with your friends.

For any queries related to lesson plan, feel free to write in the comment box.

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