30 GEOGRAPHY NTSE QUESTIONS – You Need To Read This First


Written By Avinash Sharan

2nd October 2022

30 GEOGRAPHY NTSE QUESTIONS – You Can’t Avoid In 2022-23

30 Geography NTSE Questions that class X students must not avoid. NTSE 2022-23 stage I will be conducted in the month of January. Apart from Maths and Science questions, NTSE 2022-23 stage I will also have questions from Social Science. These 30 Geography NTSE questions will be the deciding factor for qualifying for the NTSE 2022-23 exams.  Here, in this article, we shall focus on only selected 30 Geography NTSE questions which are generally asked in stage I level examination. Here, we are providing you with 30 Geography NTSE questions with explanations.

Basic Information About NTSE 2022-23 Stage I

Starting date for the Application Form is 25th October.

The last date for the submission of the application form is 30th November.

Eligible Candidates: Class 10 students.

Documents required for Online registration for NTSE 2022-23 Stage I

  1. Recent colored passport-size photograph in school uniform.
  2. Photocopy of Class 9 Mark sheet
  3. Students’ Aadhar card
  4. Parents recent income certificate
  5. State domicile certificate
  6. Caste certificate for SC, ST, and OBC candidates
  7. Disability certificate (if applicable)

30 GEOGRAPHY NTSE QUESTIONS – You Can’t Avoid In 2022-23


Q1. The angle which the total magnetic field of Earth makes with the surface of the earth is called

a) Geographic Meridian
b) Inclination
c) Declination
d) Magnetic Meridian
Ans b – Inclination.
Explanation:  magnetic inclination is the angle made with the horizontal by the Earth’s magnetic field lines. This angle varies at different points on the Earth’s surface.

Q2. One of the states through which the Tropic of Cancer passes is

a) Maharashtra
b) Bihar
c) Tripura
d) Nagaland
Ans c – Tripura
Explanation:  The Tropic of Cancer passes through 8 states in India. They are Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura, and Mizoram. (Learn in pairs of two to remember easily like i) Gujarat – Rajasthan, 2. Madhya Pradesh – Chattisgarh etc.

Q3. A line passing through places having zero value of magnetic dip is called

a) Aclinic line
b) Isogonic line
c) Isoclinic line
d) Agonic line
Ans a – Aclinic line

Explanation: Aclinic line is the circular line on the earth’s surface at every point on which the dip angle is zero.

Q4. What is the ground distance between two degrees of Latitudes?

a) 69 km
b) 96 Km
c) 111 Km
d) 124 Km
Ans c – 111 km
Explanation: Latitudes are parallel lines. Therefore the distance between two latitudes is always the same from the equator to the poles. Each degree of latitude is approximately 69 miles (111 kilometers

Q5. Distance between two Longitude lines is called

a) Gore
b) Antipodes
c) Atoll
d) Isthmus
Ans a – Gore

Explanation: The distance between two longitude lines is called a gore. Gore is the curved surface that lies between two close lines of longitude on a globe. It refers to a sector of a curved surface. Remember, that the distance between two longitudes will be maximum at the equator and minimum at the poles.

Q6. Which one of the following is not a component of the map?

a) Distance
b) Direction
c) Symbol
d) Scale
Ans d – Scale
Explanation: There are three components of Maps – distance, direction, and symbol.

Q7. A small-scale map is used to show

a) small hills
b) small cities
c) Large areas like continents or countries
d) Directions
Ans c) Large areas like continents or countries
Explanation: Small-scale maps show a larger geographic area with few details on them.  Small-scale maps are used to show the extent of an entire country, region, or continent

Q8. A large-scale map is 

a) Less informative than a small-scale map.
b) More informative than a small-scale map.
c) Not used in map
d) None of the above.
Ans b) More informative than a small-scale map
Explanation: Large-scale maps show a smaller amount of area with a greater amount of detail. It is used to show a locality, small towns, colony areas, etc. 

Q9. What do you mean by Cardinal points on the map?

a. Four major directions
b. Four intermediate directions.
c) The arrow which points North direction.
d) The direction which is pointed by a compass.
Ans a) Four major directions.
Explanation: The four cardinal directions, or cardinal points, are the four main compass directions: North, East, South, and West. These are commonly denoted by their initials N, E, S, and W.

Q10. The name of which Intermediate (sub-direction) is mentioned wrong?

a) North-East
b) East-West
c) South-West
d) South-East
Ans b) East-West

Explanation: The names of intermediate (sub-direction) always start with North and South.

8 Facts About Latitudes and Longitudes Which Is Not Explained In Schools

30 GEOGRAPHY NTSE QUESTIONS – You Can’t Avoid In 2022-23


Q1.  At what rank does India stand in the world in respect of the number of flowering plants?

a) 5th
b) 7th
c) 10th
d) 14th
Ans c) 10th

Explanation: It ranks 10th in respect of flowering plants. There are over 15000 species of flowering plants in India (6 percent of the total plant species in the world). Due to the wide range of climatic conditions, India holds a rich variety of flora. No other countries can boast of it. India covers more than 45,000 species of flora, out of which there are several species that are not found anywhere else.

Q2. All the plants and animals in an area are interdependent and interrelated to each other in their physical

environment. What is the name given to this interrelationship and interdependence?

a) Ecosystem
b) Food chain
c) Physical environment
d) Biome
Ans a) Ecosystem

Explanation: The ecosystem is an interaction of the living and non-living components in an environment. A biome is a different form of an ecosystem. You can actually have multiple ecosystems within a single biome. For Example – the Tundra biome, the Rainforest biome, etc., 

Q3. From the point of view of natural vegetation and wildlife, India belongs to one of the following categories?

a) The country with the greatest forest cover.
b) One of the twelve mega biodiversity countries of the world.
c) Richest in terms of flora and fauna.
d) A country lacking in biodiversity.
Ans b) One of the twelve mega biodiversity countries of the world.

Explanation: India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries in the world. The regions which make it rich are the areas of North-East India, the Western Ghats, the North-West Himalayas, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Q4. Which of the following terms are used for plants which are at present part of natural vegetation but have

originally come to India from abroad?

a) Indigenous plants.
b) Endemic species
c) Endangered species
d) Exotic plants.
Ans d) Exotic plants

Explanation: Plants that have come from outside India are called exotic plants. They do not naturally grow in an area but rather become part of an ecosystem due to human intervention. On the other hand, Endemic or indigenous plants refer to virgin vegetation which is purely Indian. It refers to those plants which naturally grow in a particular region.

Q5. The character and extent of vegetation are mainly determined by which of the climatic factors?

a) Temperature
b) Precipitation
c) Humidity
d) All the above.
Ans d) All the above

Explanation: The character and extent of vegetation are mainly determined by temperature along with humidity in the air, precipitation, and soil.

Q6. By which of the following ways do forests control the soil cover of an area?

a) By controlling soil erosion
b) By providing humus to the soil.
c) By regulating stream flow.
d) All the above.
Ans d) All the above.

Explanation: All the above-mentioned factors control the soil cover of an area.

Q7. Which of the forests are affected by tides in coastal areas?

a) Mangroves
b) Alpine
c) Deciduous
d) Coniferous.
Ans a) Mangroves

Explanation: The tidal or mangrove forests grow by the side of the coast and on the edges of the deltas. In mangrove forests, the roots are submerged in the water. The deltas of the Cauvery, Krishna, Mahanadi, Godavari, and Ganga comprise mangrove forests. In the state of West Bengal, these forests are known as ‘Sundarbans’ the name after the largest delta in the world. 

Q8. What is the percentage of reserved forests of the total forest area?

a) 44.4 %
b) 54.4 %
c) 64.4 %
d) 50 %
Ans b) 54.4 %

Explanation: Reserved forests are acquired and owned by the Government of India. 54.4% of the total forest land has been declared as a reserved forest. The total Recorded Forest Area in the country is 765,210 sq. km, which is 23.28% of the total geographical area of the country. 

Q9. Cinchona trees are found in areas of rainfall 

a) More than 50 cm
b) Less than 50 cm
c) More than 100 cm
d) Between 50-70 cm.
Ans c) More than 100 cm

Explanation: Cinchona is a flowering plant. It is mostly used as a medicinal plant because of the quinones present in it. These are found in areas where the rainfall is above 100 cm. They are native to the tropical Andean forests.

Q10. Match the following:


Corbett National Park


Madhya Pradesh


Hazaribagh National Park




Kanha National Park




Gir National Park




a) A-i,   B-ii   C -iii,  D-iv

b) A-iv,   B-ii   C -i,  D-iii

c) A-ii,   B-iv   C -i,  D-iii

d) A-ii,   B-iii   C -iv,  D-i

Ans c) A-ii,   B-iv   C -i,  D-iii

30 GEOGRAPHY NTSE QUESTIONS – You Can’t Avoid In 2022-23

Q1. The layer is almost free from clouds and associated weather phenomena making conditions more ideal

for flying airplanes

a) Troposphere
b) Stratosphere
c) Mesosphere
d) Ionosphere
Ans b) Stratosphere

Explanation: Airplanes fly in the lower stratosphere. As the stratosphere is very dry and contains little water vapor, therefore, few clouds are found in this layer. There is good visibility, a clear sky, and less weather disturbance. Almost all clouds occur in the lower, more humid troposphere.

Q2. In Which part of the atmosphere, is the Ozone layer present?

a) UpperTroposphere
b) Upper Stratosphere
c) Upper Mesosphere
d) Lower Ionosphere
Ans b) Upper Stratosphere

Explanation: The ozone layer is located in the stratosphere, at a height of 1530km15−30km. It is about 21%21% of the atmosphere of the Earth.

Q3. Which is the hottest layer of the atmosphere?

a) Troposphere
b) Stratosphere
c) Mesosphere
d) Thermosphere
Ans d) Thermosphere
Explanation: The Thermosphere is often considered the hottest layer of the atmosphere. The temperature at 500 km can reach up to 1727 °C

Q4. Which phenomenon can be seen only in the Ionosphere

a) Aurora Borealis
b) Rainbow
c) Lightening
d) Acid rain
Ans a) Aurora Borealis
Explanation: Aurora borealis is the colorful curtains of light. It happens at about 620 miles (1,000 km) above the Earth’s surface. The auroras glow green-yellow when ions strike oxygen particles in the lower ionosphere.

Q5. The layer in which shooting stars and meteors burn up

a) Troposphere
b) Stratosphere
c) Mesosphere
d) Ionosphere
Ans c) Mesosphere
Explanation: Meteors are often referred to as shooting stars or stars falling down from the sky. This phenomenon takes place about 50 to 80 km above the earth’s surface.

Q6. The higher you go, the air becomes _________?

a) less dense
b) denser
c) Both
d) None of the above
Ans a) Less dense.
Explanation: Higher the altitude, the thinner the air. As height increases, the amount of gas molecules in the air decreases. Therefore, the air is denser at sea level whereas thinner at higher altitudes.

Q7. In which layer of the earth’s atmosphere do artificial satellites orbit the earth?

a) Troposphere & Stratosphere
b) Stratosphere & Mesosphere
c) Mesosphere & Thermosphere
d) Thermosphere & exosphere
Ans d) Thermosphere & exosphere
Explanation: The thermosphere is a region of very high temperature. Despite the high temperatures, the pressure is very low, so satellites don’t suffer heat damage. Satellites orbit through the exosphere and can maintain their orbits for decades without adjustment.

Q8. Why do the satellites not burn while passing through the thermosphere which has a temperature of 1500

degrees Celcius?

a) due to low pressure.
b) due to high pressure.
c) satellites are fireproof.
d) speed of the satellite is reduced.
Ans a) due to low pressure.
Explanation: This is because thermal energy transfers a lot slower than kinetic energy. The temperature of the individual *molecules* of air in the thermosphere is quite high, This is true, but the air up there is also very thin. It is almost a vacuum. Therefore, the satellite is not going to *encounter* a lot of those molecules. 

Q9. Why are the cabins of high-flying Jet aircraft pressurized?

a) the air pressure and the density of air decrease with altitude.
b) the air pressure and the density of air increase with altitude.
c) the air pressure and the temperature remain the same with an increase in altitude.
d) None of the above.
Ans a) the air pressure and the density of air decrease with altitude.
Explanation: Airplanes are pressurized because the air is very thin at the altitude they fly. At this altitude, humans can’t breathe very well and our body gets less oxygen.

Q10. In which layer of the atmosphere, does air temperature increase with altitude?

a) Troposphere & Stratosphere
b) Stratosphere & Mesosphere
c) Mesosphere & Thermosphere
d) Thermosphere & Stratosphere
Ans d) Thermosphere & Stratosphere
Explanation: Temperature increases as we go high in two layers of the atmosphere namely the stratosphere and the thermosphere. Whereas the temperature decreases as you gain altitude in the troposphere and mesosphere.

30 GEOGRAPHY NTSE QUESTIONS – You Can’t Avoid In 2022-23


Hope these selected 30 Geography NTSE questions will help you in the qualifying stage I examination. This year NTSE 2022-23 stage I will be held in the month of January. Do not take the exam without solving these 30 Geography NTSE questions. These 30 Geography NTSE questions are exclusive and prepared by a highly experienced team of teachers. All 30 Geography NTSE questions are from NTSE 2022-23 syllabus. As you know that NTSE is a highly prestigious exam for the students of class X. Therefore, you need to go in-depth in each chapter. I wish you all the very best for your NTSE 2022-23 stage I examinations.

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