ARE YOU AWARE ABOUT THESE 7 INTERESTING CHANGES IN NEW EDUCATION POLICY:
The Union Cabinet has approved the much awaited New Education Policy,2020.
To begin with, New Education Policy aim to introduce several changes from the school to college level.
This will make India a “Global Knowledge Superpower.”
Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi ( नरेंद्र-मोदी )said,
“New Education Policy’s focus is on what student wants to learn”.
Any Education Policy must change for the betterment of all.
At least, the Government of the country have taken some steps to bring reform in the education system.
Check out top 7 interesting changes in New Education Policy 2020:
- Old education policy replaced by New Education Policy 2020.
- 10 + 2 system replaced by 5+3+3+4 system according to the New Education Policy.
- Language will not be a barrier in learning process.
- Less focus on Board exams
- No rigid separations between Science, Arts, Commerce and vocational streams
- Multiple exit options in Under Graduate Programs.
- Common Entrance exams for Universities.
1. Old education policy replaced by New National Education Policy 2020:
First education policy after Independence was implemented in the year 1968.
After that, it was framed in the year 1986 and was modified in 1992.
Since then, significant changes have taken place in the country, society, economy technology and the world at large.
It was necessary for the education system to gear itself to fulfill the demands of the 21st century needs.
Clearly, a New Education Policy was needed.
Therefore, the 34 year old education policy was replaced by New National Education Policy 2020.
2. 10 + 2 system replaced by 5+3+3+4 system according to the New Education Policy.
The new system will have three years of pre-schooling and 12 years of schooling.
First five years of the school (up-to class 2) will comprise the foundation stage.
class 3 to 5 (three years) will be preparatory stage.
From class 6 to 8 will be middle stage.
and class 9 to 12 will be the secondary stage.
3. Language will not be a barrier in learning process:
Language shouldn’t be a barrier to education.
A child learns and understands better if taught in their home language.
All schools will have to switch their medium of instruction from English to Regional languages.
Medium of instruction until grade 5 or till grade 8 will be the home language or the local language.
This will promote and preserve the cultural diversity within the country.
However, education is a concurrent subject and the states are free to decide on this matter.
4. Less focus on Board exams:
Students should feel happy with this decision.
One of the major reforms also include to make board exams less stressful.
Board exam will be divided into two parts namely the Objective and Descriptive only
to test core competencies (concepts) of students https://shapingminds.in/तमसो-माँ-ज्योतिर्गमय/ and not rote learning.
5. No rigid separations between Science, Arts, Commerce and vocational streams:
According to the New Education Policy, students will be able to study the subjects of their choice.
There will be no rigid separations between Science, Arts, Commerce and Vocational streams.
This facility was not there earlier.
A child had to take the combination of subjects as provided by the school or college.
Also there was only three streams available to students Science, Commerce and Arts.
There was no scope for children who had inclination towards Sports, Music, Drawing, Painting etc.
6. Multiple exit options in Under Graduate Programs:
With the introduction of this new provision, students can take a break from the undergraduate course.
National Education Policy also mentions the provision of appropriate certifications after every year of undergraduate programme.
A certificate after completing one year.
A diploma after the completion of 2nd year.
And finally, a degree after completing 3rd or 4th year.
In the mean time, the student can exit after 1st year due to any reason.
Can continue his course without missing the credits earned in the previous years
7. Common Entrance exams for Universities:
Among the key reforms in the New Education Policy will be:
a common entrance exam for admissions to universities and colleges.
National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct the exams.
There will be no M.Phil programmes in future.
Government plans to have a Common norm for private and public higher education.
At the same time fee fixation under a broad regulatory framework.
LIMITATIONS OF NEW EDUCATION POLICY:
To summarize, the New Education Policy is a good start but only sounds good.
The implementation of it will not be very easy.
Next, migrants from different states will face language problem at primary and secondary level.
Moreover, the level of education can not be the same in private and public schools and urban and rural areas.
Similarly, providing subjects of choice and keeping experts of all subjects will not be an easy task and
Too many Regulatory boards will find difficulty in co-ordination.
DO YOU THINK THAT THE NEW EDUCATION POLICY IS GOING TO BRING A BIG CHANGE IN THE INDIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM?