If US Can Have Six, Why Can’t India Have Two-Time Zones?

Two-Time Zones

Written By Avinash Sharan

3rd March 2023

Should India Have Two-Time Zones? What Do You Say?

Should India Have Two-Time Zones? What Do You Say? India follows Indian Standard Time (IST), which is five and a half hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+5:30). IST is used across the country, from the westernmost point in Gujarat to the easternmost point in Arunachal Pradesh. However, there are some regions of the country that experience a significant time difference with respect to the sunrise and sunset timings due to their location. This has led to debates and discussions about the need for two time zones in India. There have been discussions over the years regarding whether the nation needs a second-time zone.

However, the benefits and drawbacks of India having two time zones will be covered in this blog.

Why There Is A Need For Two-Time Zones In India?

India is a large country that only has a one-time zone, called IST (Indian Standard Time).

India is a vast country with diverse cultures, traditions, and geographical features.

It is the seventh-largest country in the world, with a population of over 1.3 billion people.

Due to its vast size, the country spans multiple time zones.

However, India has opted for a single time zone for the whole country, despite the vast differences in sunrise and sunset timings across

different regions.

International Date Line – why it is not straight?

Benefits Of Having Two Time Zones In India (Advantages):


  Increased Efficiency

Because of the size of India’s territory and its dependence on a single time zone, coordination, and efficiency problems frequently arise. 

Businesses and institutions can function more effectively with two time zones because they can modify their schedules to fit the needs of

 their respective regions.

 Better for Health

The health of people can benefit from a two-time zone arrangement. 

The eastern part of India currently requires people to rise an hour earlier than the western part. 

Sleep deprivation can result from this, which is linked to a number of health issues. 

This issue could be solved with a two-time zone arrangement.

Increase in Tourism

Increasing the number of daylight hours in prominent tourist locations could increase tourism, which is a significant business in India.

This would lead to more tourists visiting these areas, resulting in a boost to the local economy.

Demerits Of Having Two Time Zones In India (Disadvantages):

Coordination Problems

A two-time zone system might increase productivity, but it can also cause coordination problems. 

Between the two time zones, it can be challenging to plan meetings, travel, and other activities, which can cause confusion and delays.

How to calculate time using longitudes explained Step by step


A two-time zone system would make the current one more complicated. 

It would necessitate adjustments to how organizations, institutions, and individuals function, which can be a challenging process to manage.


Setting up a two-time zone system will need infrastructure investments, including modernizing communication and technological systems. 

This would come at a hefty price that many businesses and people might not be able to afford.

Sunlight time benefit to North Eastern states due to the Two-Time Zones



The implementation of two time zones in India could potentially provide sunlight time benefits to North Eastern states like Assam, Nagaland,

and Meghalaya.

These states are located to the east of the Indian Standard Time (IST) meridian.

As a result, experience sunrise and sunset much earlier than the rest of the country.

The current system of a single time zone means that people in the North Eastern states have to start their daily activities earlier than the rest

of the country to make the most of the available daylight.

This can lead to issues related to health, productivity, and overall quality of life.

If a separate time zone is implemented for the North Eastern states, it could lead to a more optimal distribution of daylight hours.

This would enable people in these states to start their activities at a more reasonable time, resulting in improved health outcomes and


It could also lead to a boost in tourism, as the region would be able to offer more daylight hours for outdoor activities.

11 Best Tourist Places To Visit Near Guwahati Within 50 km – Witness Nature’s Beauty

What About The Time Difference In The Andaman and Nicobar Islands?

Another region that experiences a time difference is the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

These islands are located in the Bay of Bengal, and they are geographically closer to Indonesia and Thailand than to mainland India.

Due to their location, the sunrise and sunset timings in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are about an hour ahead of the Indian Standard


This has led to demands from the people living on these islands for a separate time zone.

The idea of having multiple time zones in India has been debated for a long time.

Some experts believe that having two time zones would be beneficial for the country.

It would help in optimizing the use of daylight and improving the work-life balance of the people living in the northeastern region.

However, others believe that having multiple time zones would create confusion and administrative challenges.




India is a vast and diverse country that spans over 3,000 kilometers from north to south and over 2,500 kilometers from east to west.

Despite its size, India currently operates on a single time zone – Indian Standard Time (IST) – which is five and a half hours ahead of

Coordinated Universal Time (UTC+5:30).

However, there have been discussions about the possibility of introducing a second-time zone for India, with the argument that it could

potentially help improve the country’s economy.

The debate surrounding two time zones for India has gained traction in recent years.

Some experts argue that it could have a positive impact on certain industries, such as IT and outsourcing.

These industries often have to work with clients from different parts of the world and face challenges due to the large time difference

between India and countries in the western hemisphere.

With two time zones, these industries could potentially work with clients in different parts of the world more efficiently, leading to increased

productivity and revenue.

However, there are also potential challenges associated with introducing two time zones.

One of the most significant challenges would be coordination across different time zones.


The US is divided into six time zones and stretches 4,800 kilometers from East to West.

India, on the other hand, has just a one-time zone despite its approximately 3,000 km length from Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh.

India, on the other hand, has long talked of switching from one time zone to two,

while the US is debating whether to go from six to two time zones.

A single time zone exists in China.

Geographically speaking, India is the second-largest nation without distinct time zones.

Recent Developments About The Two-Time Zones In India

As of my knowledge, there have not been any recent developments regarding the implementation of two time zones in India.

The issue has been a topic of discussion for many years, with some states like Assam and Nagaland calling for a separate time zone for the

northeastern region due to the early sunrise and sunset.

However, no concrete steps have been taken by the Indian government toward the implementation of two time zones.

It remains a matter of debate and discussion, with supporters and opponents of the idea presenting their arguments.


The debate surrounding two time zones for India is a complex one.

While there are potential benefits to introducing a second-time zone, there are also significant challenges that need to be addressed.

The decision to introduce two time zones should be based on a careful analysis of the costs and benefits and should take into account the

unique social, cultural, and economic factors that are specific to India.

Ultimately, any decision to introduce two time zones should be guided by the goal of promoting the overall growth and development of the


 A two-time zone system in India has both advantages and disadvantages.

While it could lead to improved efficiency, better health outcomes, and a boost to tourism, it could also lead to coordination issues,

complexity, and increased costs.

The decision to implement a two-time zone system in India should be carefully considered, taking into account the potential benefits and

challenges. So, what do you suggest on this topic? Do share your views in the comment box given below.



Related Posts


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *