17 National Symbols Of India Which Every Indian Must Know


Written By Avinash Sharan

9th June 2022

The National Symbols of India: Every Social Science Teacher Must Teach

The National Symbols of India any Indian must know. These symbols are the pride of any country. Do you know how many and which are the National symbols of India? As teachers of social sciences, it becomes our responsibility to convey this to our children. So let’s know about the 17 national symbols of India. Moreover, these national symbols of India will also help the students in their competitive exams.

Table Of Contents

  1.  National Flag Of India
  2. National Anthem Of India
  3. National Symbol – Emblem
  4. National Song
  5. National Bird Of India
  6. National Animal Of India
  7. National Flower Of India
  8. National Fruit Of India
  9. National Tree Of India
  10. National Sport Of India
  11. National River Of India
  12. National Aquatic Fauna
  13. National Reptile
  14. National Heritage Animal
  15. National Currency Of India
  16. National Vegetable
  17. National Pledge Of India

1. National Flag Of India:

The National Flag is one of the 17 national symbols of India.

It is also called the tricolor because of having three colors saffron, white and green in it.

The saffron color which is at the top of the national flag is considered a symbol of sacrifice.

The white color which is in the center of the flag is a symbol of peace.

The green color at the bottom represents happiness or greenery.

A blue circle (Chakra) is also present on the white stripe in the middle of the national flag.

A total of 24 spokes in this chakra represent the 24 qualities of a human being or 24 hours a day.

This national flag of ours is made of Khadi.

However, there are some rules for hoisting the national flag which we all should follow flag code of India.

Do you know who designed the national flag of India? Write your answer in the comment box or mail us.

2. National Anthem Of India:

The national anthem of any country is its unique identity.

The national anthem of India is Jan, Gana, Mana.

It has been written by Rabindranath Tagore.

Moreover, It is taken from Rabindranath Tagore’s book Gitanjali.

The national anthem works to unite the country and the people of the country.

It is sung or played on other special occasions including national festivals i.e. Independence Day, Republic Day, and Gandhi JayantIi.

Whenever we hear the national anthem being played, we should stand in the posture of caution (as a mark of respect).

Moreover, the national anthem should be completed in just 52 seconds.

However,  there are some interesting things related to this that all Indians should know.

Do you know that Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore is the only poet in the world who is credited with writing the national anthems of two countries?

India is a country. Which is the other country?

Write another country name in the comment box or mail us.

National Anthem of India Lyrics in Hindi

जन, गण, मन, अधिनायक जय हे,

भारत भाग्य विधाता।

पंजाब, सिंध, गुजरात, मराठा,

द्राविड उत्कल बंग।

विन्ध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा,

उच्छ्ल जलधि तरंग।

तव शुभ नाम जागे,

तव शुभ आशीष मांगे,

गाहे तवजय गाथा

जन, गण, मंगलदायक जय हे,

भारत भाग्य विधाता

जय हे, जय हे, जय हे,

जय, जय, जय, जय है।

National Anthem of India Lyrics in English












3. National Symbol – Emblem :

The national emblem of the country is taken from the Ashoka Pillar built by the Mauryan emperor Ashoka, which is located in Sarnath.

There are a total of four lions standing with their backs to each other.

On its top is written, “Satya Mev Jayate” which means truth always wins.

It was included as a national emblem on 26 January 1950.

Moreover, the national emblem of India tells a story of valor and self-confidence.

4. The National Song :

The national song of India is “Vande Mataram“.

It has been written by the Bengal poet Bankim Chand Chatterjee.

It is also rated as the national anthem.

Many people mistake the national anthem and the national song for the same thing.

Moreover, the national song is also sung and played with enthusiasm in programs related to the national interest.

The national song works to fill the feeling of nationalism in the countrymen.

Therefore, National poet Bankim Chand Chatterjee composed Vande Mataram in 1876.

It is written in two languages, Bangla and Sanskrit.

The national song “Vande Mataram” is taken from the book “Anandmath” by Bankim Chand Chatterjee.

Can you tell who wrote the patriotic song “Sare Jahan Se Achcha”?

5. National Bird Of India:

Peacock is the national bird of India.

It captivates everyone with its beauty.

Because of its large size and heavy weight, it cannot fly.

However, it is mostly green and beautiful bright sparkling blue.

It is found abundantly in the western part of India in the states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, etc.

Although most of the peacocks are found in the forests, they also come to the cities in search of food.

Moreover, apart from insects, spiders, snakes, and scorpions, peacocks also eat jowar, millet, corn fruits, and vegetables with great fervor.

Being in dry and hot regions, peacocks are very happy to see the clouds.

Therefore, when the peacock spreads its feathers open and dances, its beauty is made upon seeing it.

Perhaps for this reason it is also known as the king of birds.

The peacock was declared the national bird by the Government of India in 1963.

Can you tell which Hindu deity the peacock rides?

Write your answer in the comment box or mail us.

6. National Animal Of India :

The tiger was declared the national animal in 1973.

Do you know what was the national animal of India before 1973?

Before 1973, the national animal of India was the Lion.

Due to the rapidly decreasing number of tigers, the Government of India launched the project Tiger for its conservation.

At the same time, the tiger has also been declared the national animal.

The tiger is yellow in color.

It has black stripes all over its body which makes it attractive. Tigers are basically found only in the continent of Asia.

Its yellow-colored thick and soft skins are in high demand in the international market.

For this reason, people started hunting tigers indiscriminately, due to which its numbers started declining rapidly.

Tigers in India are mainly found in the Sundarbans of Bengal.

Apart from this, many national parks of India like Kaziranga National Park (ASSAM), Ranthambore National Park (Rajasthan), Kanha-Kisli (M.P), etc. (National Park) can also be seen.

Due to qualities like indomitable courage, patience, agility, and bravery,

it has been declared the national animal by the Government of India.


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7. National Flower Of India :

The national flower of India is the lotus.

As we know lotus blooms in the pond i.e. in stagnant water.

Even after blooming in a pond full of mud, it does not allow mud to fall on itself.

In this way, he maintains his specialty.

Along with being as beautiful as the lotus flower, it is also manifold.

A part of its flower is used to make medicine.

In Bengal and North Bihar, people make vegetables and eat them with great fervor.

The Lotus flower is very much liked by the Hindu goddess of wealth, Lakshmi.

Therefore, due to its unique medicinal properties and beauty, it was declared the national flower.

Can you tell which dry fruit is made of the lotus flower? Write your answer in the comment box or mail us.

The National Symbols of India: Every Social Science Teacher Must Teach

8. National Fruit Of India:

The national fruit of India is the mango.

Mango is also called the king of fruits.

Although this fruit is not available throughout the year, everyone has to wait for this fruit the year.

It is the fruit of the summer season. and have been in India for centuries.

Moreover, It is a completely indigenous fruit and Its taste is unique.

There are hundreds of varieties of mangoes available from Delhi to Bengal.

Although mangoes are grown in South India too, the mangoes of North India are more preferred in terms of taste.

Alphonso mangoes which are grown in Maharashtra are world-famous.

Apart from this, Malda, Bombay, Biju, Chausa, etc. are also its main types.

It is said that the Mughal emperor Akbar was very fond of mangoes, so he had planted more than 100000 Adil mango trees in the Darbhanga district of Bihar.

Due to its unique taste and indigenous fruit, it was declared the national fruit.

9. National Tree Of India:

The banyan tree is huge. Its roots are very deep.

This tree spreads rapidly.

Moreover, this tree has a lot of importance in India.

Being huge and dense, it also gives shelter to many animals and birds on top of it and in its shade.

Moreover, this tree is a symbol of longevity.

One of the specialties of this tree is that it does not allow any other tree to grow in its shade.

The deep and ever-expanding roots represent unity in diversity.

India is also a country of different religions, languages, festivals, and castes,

Therefore,  the banyan tree is seen as a symbol of national unity and has also been given the status of a national tree.

10. National Sport Of India:

Hockey is the national sport of India.

However, nowadays cricket is given more importance in India.

On the one hand, cricket is the game of the rich while on the other hand hockey is for the poor.

It is a low-cost and high-effort game.

Unity, agility, and coordination of 11 players are the hallmarks of the game.

India has been the world champion in hockey for many years.

Moreover, India has been the world champion in hockey continuously from 1928 to 1956 in the Olympics.

Apart from this, in the Olympic Games of 1964 and 1980, India has been the world champion by winning the gold medal in the Olympics.

Do you know who is called “the magician of hockey“?

Then you will also know what you have to do. Write your answer in the comment box or mail us.

11. National River Of India:

The longest river among all the rivers of India, the “Ganga” was declared a national river in 2008.

Although all the rivers are holy, the river Ganges has a special significance in India.

This river merges in the Bay of Bengal after leaving the snow mountain “Gangotri” above the Himalayas.

Medicinal properties are found in its water till the Himalayas.

After this the river becomes polluted.

The Himalayas, which is the weakest mountain in India, have dried up in many parts due to the Tehri dam being built on it and blocking its flow.

हिमालय-भारत का सबसे कमज़ोर पर्वत

टेहरी बाँध : खतरा सर पर

Both the banks of river Ganga are very fertile.

For this reason, the Northern plain of India is called the “Grain Store of India “.

If we declare Ganga as a national river, then both the government and the countrymen will have to take responsibility for its cleanliness and care.

Only then will we be able to take pride in calling Ganga the national river in front of the world.

12. National Aquatic Fauna:

The “Ganga Dolphin” found in the national river Ganges of India has been declared a national aquatic animal.

Apart from many rivers of India, dolphins are also found in Chilika lake of Orissa.

It captivates the beholder with its charming feats.

Most dolphins are found in China.

It is considered human-friendly because it plays with people.

Due to the developed brain, Russia uses dolphins to locate enemies in the black sea.

13. National Reptile:

Among the reptiles, the snake, which we call the king cobra, has been declared the national reptile.

Due to being wrapped around the neck of Lord Shiva, this poisonous snake is considered revered in India.

Its length can be up to 19 feet. It is found abundantly in the forests of India.

The cobra is a venomous snake that can spew venom up to 6 mm at a time.

It is so poisonous that a person can die in just half an hour if bitten.

However, its poison is also used to make medicine.

14. National Heritage Animal Of India:

Recently the elephant has been declared the National Heritage Animal of India.

Elephants are found in the continents of Asia and Africa.

According to a report, the number of elephants in India is about 25000.

Many people also raise elephants.

The two teeth of an elephant that come out are very valuable.

For this reason, Elephants are hunted.

The number of elephants has declined sharply in the last few years.

If the provision of the ban and severe punishment is not made for its hunting soon, then the day is not far when this giant creature of the earth will become extinct.

The elephant is a calm and intelligent animal and prefers to live in a flock with a family, but it can also be dangerous if it is teased or harassed.

Due to its rapidly decreasing numbers, it has been declared a national heritage animal so that it can be protected.

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15. National Currency Of India:

The national currency of India is Rupee.

It is rectangular in shape.

One rupee of India is made up of 100 paise.

The Indian Rupee has a unique identity.

It has the watermark of the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi.

Apart from this, a ladder line is visible to the left of the picture of Mahatma Gandhi.

This identifies the real rupee.

These special marks are made on the notes to identify counterfeit and genuine counterfeit notes.

The Reserve Bank of India issues and regulates the notes.

The value of 1 US dollar is 77.77 rupees.

Coins of 50 paise, 1, 5, and 10 rupees are available in the market.

Similarly, notes of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, and 2000 are prevalent in the notes.

16. National Vegetable :

Perhaps many of you do not know that the pumpkin has the distinction of being the national vegetable of India.

Moreover, it is found easily and also eaten in different parts of the country.

Apart from being highly nutritious,

it also helps in the prevention of many diseases.

The juice of a white pumpkin if taken empty stomach in the morning controls diabetes, blood pressure and constipation.

It is easily grown in the village countryside.

Due to its medicinal properties and easily found in every corner of India,

it has been given the status of a national vegetable.

17. National Pledge Of India :

National Pledge is an oath of allegiance to the country and to perform one’s duties properly.

The national pledge is spoken by the children every day in the schools.

Apart from this, this pledge is also printed at the beginning of all the textbooks.

But do you know who first wrote this promise?

The credit for writing it goes to P Venkat Subba Rao, a freedom fighter and famous Telugu litterateur from Andhra Pradesh, India.

This affirmation was translated into seven languages ​​of India.

It was first studied in a school in Andhra Pradesh.

After this, it was implemented Nationwide on 26 January 1965.

National Pledge of India in Hindi

भारत हमारा देश है।

हम सब भारतवासी भाई बहन है।

हमें अपना देश प्राणों से प्यारा है।

इसकी समृद्ध एवं विविध संस्कृति पर हमें गर्व है।

हम इसके सुयोग्य अधिकारी बनने का प्रयत्न सदा करते रहेंगे।

हम अपने माता-पिता, शिक्षकों और गुरुजनों का आदर करेंगे और सबके साथ

शिष्टता का व्यवहार करेंगे।

हम अपने देश और देशवासियों के प्रति वफादार रहने की प्रतिज्ञा करते हैं।

उनके कल्याण और समृद्धि  में ही हमारा सुख निहित है।

जय हिन्द।

National Pledge Of India In English

India is my country,

All Indians are my brothers and sisters.

I love my country and I am proud of its rich and varied heritage.

I shall always strive to be worthy of it / I shall

give respect to my parents, teachers, and all elders

and treat everyone with courtesy.

To my country and my people, I pledge my devotion,

In their well-being and prosperity alone, lies my happiness.

Jai Hind.

The National Symbols of India: Every Social Science Teacher Must Teach


Of course, there is no doubt that a country’s pride is embodied in its national symbols. Moreover,  It is our obligation as social science teachers to inform the youngsters about this. But, is it enough to just declare national symbols? Today, the Ganges River is the world’s most polluted river, tigers and elephants are about to extinct, the banyan tree has vanished, and cobra snakes can only be found adorning Shiva’s neck. The national anthem, national song, and pledge are included in national symbols leaving only a formality. And, certainly, we must not forget that in India we adore rivers, plants, animals, and the environment, yet we are destroying it with our own hands.

If the people of India and the Government do not take any concrete steps for its protection in time, then the day is not far when we will not be proud of our national symbols but rather have to be ashamed of our national symbols.

Do you really think we are taking enough steps to conserve and protect our national symbols?

Write your answer in the comment box or mail us.

Jai Hind.

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  1. Zaskar

    The other country is Bangladesh

    • Avinash Sharan

      Yes zaskar, you are absolutely right.


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